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The sinking of Titanic has everything that fascinates both historians and the general public — one of man’s greatest accomplishments brought down by nature, the infallibility of the upper classes proven to be a myth, and the damning of arrogance. And we have also been captivated with the developments that have happened since the ship went down, such as Robert Ballard’s “secret expedition” and the spellbinding images that resulted.

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A new study, reported by The Independent, revisits the sinking of the most famous ship in history. Researchers now believe that the tragedy was caused not by an iceberg, but by one of the coal fires that powered the ship.

According to the study, new photos have “prompted researchers to blame the fire as the primary cause of the ship’s demise.” The images appear to show “long black marks along the front right-hand side of the hull, just behind where the ship’s lining was pierced by the iceberg.”

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The fire, which reached 1000 degrees Celsius and burned for almost three weeks, was manned by a team of 12 men who were unable to extinguish it when the flames got out of hand. The heat significantly weakened the hull and made it far easier for the iceberg to slice through it.

One researcher described the sinking of the ship as “a perfect storm of extraordinary factors coming together: fire, ice and criminal negligence,” and said that such a high “temperature against steel it makes it brittle, and reduces its strength by up to 75 per cent.”

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